X. Montero, M. Rudolphi, M.C. Galetz
Materials and Corrosion 70 (2019), 2179-2189, DOI: 10.1002/maco.201911109
The aim of this study was to assess the long‐term impact that the addition of biomass provokes on superheater materials exposed to fireside corrosion environments. Alloys covering a broad range of commercially available materials were investigated. Their corrosion kinetics under different corrosive deposits and atmospheres was evaluated, and their corrosion products analyzed to deepen understanding of the underlying corrosion mechanisms. Therefore, three nickel‐based alloys and three austenitic steels containing 20–24 wt.% Cr were tested at 650°C for 7,000 hr. The long‐term exposure shows new mechanistic aspects of Type II hot corrosion that were revealed by accelerated material depletion. The formation of Ni–NiS eutectic and the formation of a Cr depleted zone close to the substrate corrosion product interface are indicative of the breakaway occurrence. Differences in the corrosion behavior are related to the balance of Ni, Mo, Co, and Cr and can serve as the material selection argument. The evaluation concluded with the finding that alloys presenting Mo and Ni might be preferentially used in fireside corrosion in the presence of biomass, whereas the use of austenitic steels suffer less corrosion if no biomass is present in the corrosive atmosphere.