Ch. E. Düllmann, E. Artes, A. Dragoun, R. Haas, E. Jäger, B. Kindler, B. Lommel, K.-M. Mangold, C.-C. Meyer, C. Mokry, F. Munnik, M. Rapps, D. Renisch, J. Runke, A. Seibert, M. Stöckl, P. Thörle-Pospiech, C. Trautmann, N. Trautmann & A. Yakushev
J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. (2022), doi: 10.1007/s10967-022-08631-4
The heaviest elements can exclusively be produced in actinide-target based nuclear fusion reactions with intense heavy-ion beams. Ever more powerful accelerators deliver beams of continuously increasing intensity, which brings targets of current technology to their limits and beyond. We motivate efforts to produce targets with improved properties, which calls for a better understanding of targets produced by molecular plating, the current standard method. Complementary analytical methods will help shedding more light on their chemical and physical changes in the beam. Special emphasis is devoted to the aspect of the optimum target thickness and the choice of the backing material.