Activity of different AlCl3-based electrolytes for the electrically rechargeable aluminium-air battery

N. Bogolowski, J-F. Drillet

Electrochimica Acta, 274 (2018) doi: 10.1016/j.electacta.2018.04.091


Feasibility of AlCl3-based acetamide and urea deep-eutectic solvents as well as EMImCl ionic liquid as electrolyte for rechargeable Aluminium/air cell was evaluated under half-cell and full-cell conditions under ultra-dry atmosphere. Half-cell measurements revealed satisfactory activity of all studied electrolytes for Aluminium stripping/deposition with a certain disparity in overpotential and stability. Evaluation at Pt and more especially determination of ORR onset potential was not straightforward. Nonetheless, all systems exhibited a suitable activity and cycling ability under full-cell conditions. Current and energy efficiencies of 84% and 56% were calculated during first 15 charge/discharge Al/air cycles at 100 μA cm−2 for 3 h each in acetamide electrolyte, respectively. Since theoretical reversible electrolyte capacity was evaluated to approximately 28 mAh, only 2.5% of theoretical capacity was able to be cycled.

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